Sunday, May 27, 2018

The List

Book:The List
Basic Information : Synopsis : Thoughts : Evaluation : Good Quotes : Table of Contents : References

Basic Information:
Author: Amy Siskind
Edition: epub from the Fresno County Public Library
Publisher: Bloomsbury USA
ISBN: 1635572711 (ISBN13: 9781635572711)
Start Date: May 25, 2018
Read Date: Did not finish
528 pages
Genre: History, Politics, Trump
Language Warning: None
Rated Overall: 3 out of 5
History: 4 out of 5

Synopsis (Caution: Spoiler Alert-Jump to Thoughts):
The Forward is by Sarah Kendzior who admires what Amy Suskind has created-a bullet point list of what happens each week during the Trump Presidency during the first year. She says this is a rough draft, I think because she intends to continue this list until his Presidency ends. The points are short-a sentence or two, at most a short paragraph. In its current iteration, Suskind says this is a rough draft, she only takes on the first year of President Trump’s tenure.

My wife checked out this book and I read enough to realize that I could read the whole book and be entertained and/or sickened by what I read. Or I could stop at some point and say that I am not going to gain any new insight by reading more. I chose the later, stopping around the beginning of February 2017.

There is no way which you will remember each point. And after awhile the events all begin to merge into a horrific blob of what is happening to the United States under President Trump. None of what Suskind portrays is pretty and Suskind slants her portrayal to the negative interpretation, not that President Trump needs any help in that.

The only parts of the book I thought was noteworthy was the Forward and Introduction.

Sarah Kendzior puts forward the theory that the lies and misstatements the Trump Administration puts forward are purposeful. They know that are lying and know that we know they are lying, but they do not care. It is a show of power. The idea is that eventually truth will no longer be valued when we are too exhausted to look for it.

To me, this is a viable interpretation. Are there other interpretation? Maybe Trump is not smart enough to know truth from lies? Maybe he is like child who has not come of age? Or has dementia? Or some other mental sickness which skews truth? Kendzior interpretation is that President Trump is evil and manipulative. Probably not too far from reality.

Kendzior thinks that compared to President Nixon, President Trump is so much worse. She apparently is measuring it against some sort of corruption scale where she thinks President Trump is using the office for personal gain. This is not her book, but Siskind must buy into this thinking. While it would not surprise me, there is not the tax money to President Trump’s pockets documentation. Most of it would fall under influence, such as people staying at his hotels. This of course, is another whole issue.

Historically, demagogues thrive in times of economic desperation, … She goes on and talks about how President Trump has shown himself to prey on the vulnerable and even cheering others misfortune as an avenue to enrich himself.

Kendzior comes back to the concern about truth in this day. She says that Without documentation--without a reliable and shared sense of what happened--demanding accountability is tremendously difficult. The question in my mind, is The List the document to make it happen? Will there be agreement on what Siskind has compiled? Particularly since there is a sense of one-sidedness in it. Yes The List is a good rallying document for the opposition to President Trump, but is it complete? How badly is it slanted?

But the real interesting aspect of Kendzior’s piece is her defence of truth. She says that if truth did not matter to President Trump, why would he go so far to suppress it? But Kendzior implicitly is saying that there is a shared reality which we should know and share. The question I have is how do we know this truth which we all are to share? Is it a temporary set of items and facts which will get reinterpreted in 10 years? Or truth which lasts longer? I think most of The List qualifies as the former. Hence one of the reasons why I did not feel a strong need to finish the book.

The List is not so much a book, but a blog dumped out into a book form. This is not to say it is boring or unsuited to read, just do no go into this book with the understanding of high or systematic telling of history. Also its thinking is not set up to be fair and impartial. Instead the idea is to record how far away President Trump is away from the author’s worldview. My confession, I read only about a tenth of the chronology before realizing that I knew what the book was going to say and that I probably would not be getting much more out of it.

The Forward and Introduction lays out the author’s agenda. The basis for the book is the President Trump is a liar and manipulator. Consequently he will bend and create his own history of his Presidency. The author’s objective is to document what happens during the Trump Presidency. In Siskind’s case, she is leaning towards documenting the history she is documenting leans toward the outrageous, potentially illegal, and fanatical. Siskind does reference her sources for each entry back in the notes chapter.

If you are a President Trump supporter, you will hate the book; a Trump hater, you will love it, Either way, your blood pressure will go up.

Good Quotes:
    • First Line: On the morning of Saturday, November 18, 2016, I found myself driving up to Val-Kill, the home of Eleanor Roosevelt.
    • Last Line: Puttin offered Comey political asylum in Russia, continuing to publicly insert himself into U.S.
    • Lies are not merely false statements but signals of power. Forward by Sarah Kendzior
      Table of Contents:
      • Foreward
      • Introduction
      • The List
      • Acknowledgements
      • Notes
      • Index
      • A Note on the Author


          Friday, May 4, 2018

          Shadow Divers

          Book: Shadow Divers: 
          The True Adventure of Two Americans Who Risked Everything to Solve One of the Last Mysteries of World War II
          Basic Information : Synopsis : Characters : Thoughts : Evaluation : Book Group : Good Quotes  : References

          Basic Information:
          Author: Robert Kurson
          Edition: Hardback from the Fresno County Public Library
          Publisher: Random House
          ISBN: 0965925072 (ISBN13: 9780965925075)
          Start Date: April 28, 2018
          Read Date: May 4, 2018
          335 pages
          Genre: History, World War II, Scuba Diving
          Language Warning: Medium
          Rated Overall: 3½ out of 5
          History: 4 out of 5

          Synopsis (Caution: Spoiler Alert-Jump to Thoughts):
          What is a wreck diver? It is a diver who finds, identifies helps to recover some of a ship-wreck.

          That is what this story is about, where Bill Nagle, a legend in the sport of wreck-diving, but now out of shape for serious diving, receives the coordinates of a possible wreck from a “friendly” captain. He takes along John Chatterton and eleven other divers. Most of them figure that this will probably be a garbage barge, but you never know. When Chatterton went down, it was not a barge, but cigar shaped-a German sub. But the question was, which one?

          A good section of the book deals with Kohler and Chatterton diving hoping to find some identification on the sub. The other part of the chase is talking with experts in the United States, Great Britain and Germany. They spent time in research archives and museums pondering possibilities.

          In the meantime, their monomania-drive to dive and to determine the fate and identification of the sub leads to the breakup of both of Chatterton and Kohler’s marriages. Kohler comments on his blog that he was an comfortable with Kurson’s digging into this part of the story, but after seeing the results felt that it was part of the story.

          Also, on two different dives three people died. The first because the diver experienced difficulties and sank without recovering. It was after this death that Kohler becomes part of the team. The second was a father/son team. The son tried to dislodge a barrier and became trapped. by the time he escaped, he was out of oxygen and ascended without decompression. The father gave chase and they both died because of nitrogen poisoning, the bends.

          As Chatterton and Kohler narrow the focus of which sub has been found, they realize that history may have been written wrong. Eventually the sub changes from being known as U-Who to U-869. This is confirmed when Chatterton goes into an unexplored compartment after performing a dangerous maneuver and finds a tag on a box of spare parts.

          After the confirmed identification has been made, neither Chatterton or Kohler go down to the sub again. Chatterton goes on to find other wrecks. Kohler is more interested in the family and friends of the men who were in in U-69. He was able to visit several of them.

          Cast of Characters:
          • Bill Nagle-Innovative deep wreck diver. Becomes ship captain of the Seeker which is used to find U-869/ He does not do any of the dives to find the sub. Dies due to issues related to his drinking.
          • John Chatterton-Deep wreck diver who is the first to see the sub U-869. He makes many trips back to the sub over a space of 6-7 years until he can positively determine the sub’s identity.
          • Richie Kohler- A member of a renegade group called the Atlantic Wreck Divers, he started out not friendly towards Chatterton and vica versa. But when they recognized their mutual love of figuring out a wreck, they became close partners. Kohler and Chatterton were a team to discover the identify of U-869.

          There are place in this book which Kurson starts something and then drops it. Such as when the German embassy approaches them about this is a German boat and they are not to disturb it. There is only that one small section, but I do not think that Kurson puts it to bed.

          Chapter One - The Book of Numbers
          Bill Nagle had gotten a potential deep wreck site.He and John Chatterton tried to find twelve divers who would pay $100 to go out and explore some mysterious readings another ship captain had gotten on a trip. Unless there was a “sure” thing, many of the divers were not interested. Nagle remarked that These guys don’t have the heart for wreck diving John. These guys just don’t get it. Is this a unique situation? I backpackpack, sometimes long distances. How can I explain what I feel, what drives me, to others who do not participate?

          Chapter Four - John Chatterton
          In Vietnam, Chatterton was a medic. His job: save lives and limbs. On his first mission, some of his colleagues went down under enemy fire. Chatterton braved the enemy fire to rescue them, running exposed and hauling them away. Reflecting on this experience, he thought how full like felt when a person got to be excellent. There is a sense of satisfaction by doing things well. I saw this when I worked. Some people would give their fullest and some would try to get by with as little as possible. My observation is that those who gave the most enjoyed themselves the most.

          Chatterton’s beliefs formed during this Vietnam experiences. Kurson synthesize them down to:
          • If something was easy, someone else already would have done it.
          • If you follow another’s footsteps, you missed the problems really worth solving
          • Excellence is born of preparation, dedication, focus and tenacity; compromise on any of these and you become average
          • Sometimes life presents a great moment of decision, an intersection at which a man must decide to stop or go; person lives with these decisions forever
            • My corollary to this is one must also be prepared when these moments come
          • Examine everything; not all is as it seems or as people tell you.
          • It is easiest to live with a decision if it is based on an earnest sense of right and wrong.
          • The guy who gets killed is often the guy who is nervous
          • The worst possible decision is to give up.
          In this chapter, Chatterton realizes that he was made for scuba diving/ He wondered how he had ever gone so long without knowing a man could get paid for diving. I think that when a person finds their true calling, their true vocation, they ask the question, And I get paid for this? At least that is what happened when I found out that I was pretty good as a computer programmer and that someone would actually pay me to work at what I enjoyed doing.

          Chapter Eight - Nothing At That Location
          Sometimes there can be wild speculation in the book. Such as is Hitler on the boat/ Was this the boat which he was trying to make his get away with? This is recognized as only speculation, nothing of substance. The question is how far a field does this speculation go? How far does it form the character of this book? Or is it just wonderings. I think it is more wondering than anything they were basing his thoughts on.

          Chapter None - A Heavy Toll
          After finding a human bone at the U-Who wreck, Chatterton and Kohler were faced with a moral dilemma. The question was, when they came across human remains, what do they do with them? The two of them worked through the issues surrounding this question. From the principle that the human remains should not be disturbed, they came up with five rules of engagement:
          • Respect the crewmen. The U-boat crew were sailors, doing a job and were trying to serve their own country.
          • Respect for the families. If they found something disturbing the bodies/bones, how do you talk with the families of the men?
          • Honor the brotherhood of the deep. While the divers were different than the submariners, there was enough similarities of the dangers that they understood the type of men who were in the sub.
          • Protect the wreck diver profession/avocation image. Their behavior would reflect on the sport.
          • Do the right thing. Don’t violat/dishonor the remains.

          Chapter Ten - History Mauled
          What is the measure of a person? Is it what a person thinks? What a person tries to be? Kohler and Chatterton thinks that most people do not get tested or even put themselves in a place where where they will have to understand their own character. Consequently, they do not really know themselves.

          Chapter Thirteen - The U-Boat is Our Moment.
          There is a couple of places where the name Gary Gentile comes up. Here it says that Gentile had thought that a different wreck was too busted up to identify. Chatterton was able to. Later on in the Appendix, Gary Gentile is given credit for explaining about the rivalries among boat captains. This is ionic because Gentile writes a book called Shadow Divers Exposed which calls into question Chatteron’s and Kohler’s explanation about how U-869 sank. Also what happened on deck after the Rouse’s died.

          To continue on with the thought in chapter 10, When things are easy a person doesn’t really learn about himself. It’s what a person does at the moment of his greatest struggle that shows him who he really is. Some people never get that moment. Does this mean that a person should go out of their way to test their limits? I think that you cannot go out and risk your life without sufficient purpose. And that is where I think that is where most of us live-without sufficient purpose in life. What what I die for? Why am I living?

          ???Kurson says that circle-runners-torpedo’s which turn back on the sub where they are fired from-by their nature give little warning and bears no witness. Yet on the previous page Kurtson talks about how the radio person could tell it was coming and the captain has time to do a sharp dive. I think that the author left something unsaid or unqualified.

          Not many divers go out to the U-869. The feeling is that the kind of divers who are capable are not interest. They just do not have the mindset for it.

           As I was reading Shadow Divers, I thought this was an interesting book, a pretty good read, but not too much in it to think about. There are some interesting “heart” observations which come out of the book, like what are you doing which you really love and do with all your heart? Or What do you struggle for, really struggle which you want to achieve?

          As far as the book goes, it is a good adventure book, pretty well written. For the most part, it is a book you can race through, enjoy, and put away.

          Notes from my book group:
          When Bill Nagle says to John Chatterton in chapter one, These guys don’t have the heart for wreck diving John. These guys just don’t get it. Why would wreck diving become such a strong fascination? What do people see in it? Is this a unique avocation? What other lines of interest are there where there are true participants where the participants feel others do not understand the devotion to that interest?

          Chatterton and Kohler both think about what does it mean to be excellent? How does it play into their character? They think that When things are easy a person doesn’t really learn about himself. It’s what a person does at the moment of his greatest struggle that shows him who he really is. Some people never get that moment. When do these great moments which show your character comes along? How can one prepare for these great moments? How does that tie in with who you are?

          Chatterton and Kohler after examining records come up with conjectures about what took place.It turns out that their conjectures were correct. How can we be sure that what we know from history actually took place? As a side bar, Chatterton and Kohler felt that U-869 was sunk because of a circle-running torpedo. Another diver has, Gary Gentile, has written a book called Shadow Divers Exposed! which refutes their conjecture. In 2005, the Coast Guard’s determination was that Hedgehogs and depth charges from the American destroyer escorts USS Howard D. Crow and USS Koiner sank U-869. Which is right?

          If you were working the sub as Chatterton and Kohler were, what would you have done when you came across some human bones? What respect do the dead have?

          What occupation, advocation or purpose would you risk your life for?

          Questions from Penguin-Random House
          1. Is there something you would risk everything — your family, sanity, and life – to discover?
          2. Was it proper for Chatterton and Kohler to risk their lives, and the lives of others, by insisting that all divers allow the remains of the fallen U-boat sailors to remain undisturbed?
          3. Chatterton and Kohler lost their marriages to their quest to identify the U-Who. Was it worth it?
          4. Why weren’t Chatterton and Kohler bothered more by the German sailors’ mission — namely, to sink Allied ships and kill American sailors?
          5. Do you think the U-Who’s crewmen would have appreciated the efforts of Chatterton and Kohler to identify their submarine and explain their story?
          6. The German government told Chatterton that all requests by scuba divers to explore sunken German war graves had been denied. Chatterton politely explained his intentions, then dove the wreck of the U-Who anyway. Was this morally acceptable?
          7. Gisela Engelmann dearly loved her fiance, U-869 torpedoman Franz Nedel, despite Nedel’s fervent commitment to Hitler and Nazi ideals – and despite the fact that the Nazis had imprisoned both his father and Engelmann’s father. Could you love someone whose political beliefs were abhorrent to you?
          8. Despite claustrophobic conditions, many Germans preferred submarine service to army ground service, where they might find themselves dug into trenches and dodging enemy bullets. Which would you opt for?
          9. Given the grave danger of Chatterton’s final plan to dive the wreck of the U-Who, should Kohler have stuck to his first instinct and refused to accompany Chatterton?
          10. Chatterton did not attend the funeral of his dear friend, Bill Nagle. He never completely explains the decision. Why do you think he didn’t attend Nagle’s funeral?
          11. Divers continue to debate the ethics of removing artifacts from shipwrecks. When is it proper to take artifacts from wrecks? Are there circumstances under which artifacts should never be disturbed? Does your answer change if there are human remains onboard?
          12. Chatterton seemed emotionally ready for the Rouses to identify the U-Who. But he seemed incapable of accepting the possibility of a “greenhorn” diver doing the same. Why?
          13. Kohler gave up diving for two years in an effort to keep his family together. Can a person ever surrender his true passion and hope to live a happy and fulfilled life?
          14. Did the discovery of the U-Who hasten Bill Nagle’s demise?
          15. Given the intentions of the crewmen aboard U-869 — to attack and kill Allied ships — do you think the book treated them too kindly?

          Many of these questions are either from or adapted from LitLovers.
          • Why the title of Shadow Divers?
          • Does this story work as a historical account? Factually?
          • Did the ending seem fitting? Did Kohler visit any other family or friends beside the ones mentioned?
          • Which character did you identify with? Which one did you dislike?
          • What kind of world view did the author, divers present? Were you able to identify this story’s world view? How did it affect the story?
          • Why do you think the author wrote this book?
          • What would you ask the author if you had a chance?
          • What “take aways” did you have from this book?
          • How did this book affect your view of the world?
            • What questions did you ask yourself after reading this book?
          • Talk about specific passages that struck you as significant—or interesting, profound, amusing, illuminating, disturbing, sad...?
            • What was memorable?

          Good Quotes:
            • First Line: A few years ago, a friend told me a remarkable story.
            • Last Line: Thank you for coming here.”
            • When things are easy a person doesn’t really learn about himself. It’s what a person does at the moment of his greatest struggle that shows him who he really is. Some people never get that moment. Chp Chapter Thirteen - The U-Boat is Our Moment.


                Wednesday, April 25, 2018

                The Game of Thrones

                Book: The Game of Thrones
                Basic Information : Synopsis : Characters : Thoughts : Evaluation : Good Quotes : Table of Contents : References

                Basic Information:
                Author: George R.R. Martin
                Edition: paperback
                Publisher: Bantam House
                ISBN: 0553588486 (ISBN13: 9780553588484)
                Start Date: January 2017
                Read Date: April 25, 2018
                848 pages
                Genre: Fiction, Fantasy
                Language Warning: Low-Some graphic descriptions
                Rated Overall: 4 out of 5
                Fiction-Tells a good story: 4 out of 5
                Fiction-Character development: 5 out of 5

                Synopsis (Caution: Spoiler Alert-Jump to Thoughts):

                There are several stories in this book. Some are entwined with each others, some are in the background and will probably come into play in another volume.

                Some of the threads are:
                • Lord Eddard becomes the king’s chief advisor, the Hand as in the right hand, and tries to figure out why the former advisor died. He is too late to advise King Robert on this, as the King is essentially murdered and his son takes over. But the new king is the son of the Lannisters and soon after taking over the throne, has Lord Eddard beheaded.
                • King Robert, King of the realm. But his best days are behind him as he has become a drunkard has has lost most of his sense, as well as abilities to rule.
                • Lord Tyrion Lannister, the deformed son of Twian Lannister, being humorous, wise, and having his fingers in many pots. He works behind the scenes
                • Daenerys Targaryen, the last offspring of a deposed king marries a barbarian horseman. While she does not play a part in this book, her character is being set up for something further in the series
                • Jon Snow, the bastard son of Lord Eddard joins the black guard of the northern wall. He is mostly out of this story as well, but there is tension as he feels a dual allegiance to the Stark family as well as to the black guard.
                • Catelyn Tully Stark, married to Lord Eddard Stark. While a strong character in her own right, she is loyal and love Lord Eddard. She is able to mobilize resources and assists her teenage son to be the leader of forces to try to sort out the mess after King Robert dies.
                • Stark children. There are several which come into play:
                  • Robb, 15 year old who inherits the title, as well as the abilities of Lord Eddard.
                  • Ayra, promised to marry the son of King Robert. She cares only for the things of vanity, not the ruling.
                  • Sansa, the tomboy who rather learn to use a sword rather than dance.
                  • Bran, who can climb like a monkey suddenly falls and almost dies, but is crippled. ALso he cannot remember what he saw before he fell.
                  • Each of the stark children have a direwolf, including Jon Snow.
                Wikipedia has a pretty good summary of the book.

                Cast of Characters:
                SparkNotes has a pretty good character list. Otherwise, see the appendix for the whose who and which team a character probably is on.

                ...we hold to the belief that the man who passes the sentence should swing the sword. If you would take a man’s life, you owe it to him to look into his eyes and hear his final words. And if you cannot bear to do that, then perhaps, the man does not deserve to die. chp Bran I. This may be a good rule. Would I be too squeamish to pass the death sentence on someone? This is said by Lord Eddard Stark upon finding a deserter from the Black Guard. This is also in contrast to his own death where Prince/King Joffrey starts out by condemning Lord Eddard Stark to death and then turns it into a circus of the maccabe. But has someone else execute judgement. Later on in the Bran I chapter, Lord Eddard Stark tells his second son, Bran, of some of his duties. He says that you must take no pleasure in the task, but neither must you look away. A ruler who hides behind paid executioners soon forgets what death is.

                There are several times the title is mentioned in the book.
                • The first is when Ser Jorah is talking with Daenerys. He says that the common folk do not car that the high lords are playing the game of thrones, as long as the common folk are left in peace. But then he adds, they never are.
                • When you play the game of thrones, you win or die. As said by Queen Cersei Lannister
                • There are a few more references to the phrase, game of thrones. But these are the main ones.
                The direct action which brought Lord Eddard Stark to his death was the last directive of King Robert. He had Stark write out his will which named Stark as the regent until his heir became of age. Prince Joffery as a young teenager took this, with his mother’s guidance, that Stark was usurping him. He put Stark to death over this.

                The quality of mercy is mentioned in a few places. Such as in Chapter Eddard VII where Martin has Lord Eddard Stark saying that Mercy is never a mistake. Then later on Stark says The madness of mercy in chapter Eddard XIV. Varys goes on and says that he did not recognize this quality because he rarely recognizes an honest and honorable man because of their rarity.

                The big question for Lord Eddard Stark is how to respond to an overture from Prince Joffery and his mother. Does he stand proud and say they are rotten scoundrels, not fit to take the throne? But probably lose his head over it? Or does he acknowledge that he erred and beg for mercy? He decides to beg for mercy. But Joffery puts him to death anyway.

                How the game of royalty is played is what Catelyn says: some truths did not bear saying and some lies were necessary. But can we get beyond this motif? Can we say let us stand for truth? How do we stand for truth when others lie? No good answers.

                You get the feeling that in a different story, Catelyn would be a heroic character. But in this one, her role is to wait for the men in her life to return from the action. Often we do not see the honor in waiting, we only see how useless we are.

                most men would rather deny a hard truth than face it. Chp Jon IX. True. This is even truer today than when the book was written. It is so easy to say that that is just my opponent speaking rather than hearing if there is truth in the words.

                There is a question which Catelyn asks herself, when she observes her son Robb praying to the old gods. She sees the great among those who follow him also worshiping the old gods. The question she asks herself, and which is pertinent today, what gods she kept these days, and could not find an answer. Chp Catelyn XI.

                I must have been the only person in America which did not know that Game of Thrones was a series of books. The reason why I became interested in this book is after hearing an interview with him at the Seattle Museum of Science Fiction and Fantasy. It sounded like he was much more than just someone who was out there to write a knock-off fantasy book-I think I have been spoiled by JRR Tolkien.

                I started out lost in Martins cast of characters and variety of stories for the unsuspecting, start off by taking a look at the Appendix to tell who is on what team. It will make your read more coherent. The stories Martin tells reminds me of the old Norse myths and legends. Not in the characters or stories but in the feel. The sense of darkness, deepness and oldness. Stories of another time.

                Most importantly, does Martin tell his stories well? Yes, but like reading only the first volume of The Lord of the Rings, it leaves you incomplete. The question I ask of myself is, do I want to commit to reading another 5-6,000 pages? Of course, that would be fun. Then again, my understanding is that Martin has not finished his series and do I really want to read a series without an end?

                Good Quotes:
                  • First Line: “We should start back,” Gared urged as the woods began to grow dark around them.
                  • Last Line: The other two pulled pulled away from her breasts and added their voices to the call, translucent wings unfolding and stirring the air, and for the first time in hundreds of years, the night came alive with the music of dragons.
                  • ...we hold to the belief that the man who passes the sentence should swing the sword. If you would take a man’s life, you owe it to him to look into his eyes and hear his final words. And if you cannot bear to do that, then perhaps, the man does not deserve to die. chp Bran I
                  • Mercy is never a mistake. Chp Eddard VII
                  • The things we love destroy us every time. Chp Jon VI
                  • Love is the bane of honor, the death of duty. Chp Jon VII
                  • We all do our duty, when there is no cost to it. How easy it seems then to walk the path of honor. Yet soon or late in every man’s life comes a day when it is not easy, a day he must choose. Chp Jon VII
                  • If life was worthless, what was death? Chp Daenerys VII
                    Table of Contents:
                    There is a wiki page which has a complete list of chapters and whose point of view the chapter is from. The page has not only A Game of Thrones but the other books in the series. It also has the pages in each chapter by edition.